Complexity

Evolutionary systems theory: concepts and schools in international relations

This paper looks at the impact of digital technologies and other major technological innovations in recent years on possible major shifts in the development of and control over the world system. The pace of the most inner process in the world system …

Evolutionary systems theory

Summarizes major theoretical evolutionary approaches to the study of world systems.

Chaos or reorder? The future of hegemony in a world-system in upheaval

The latest resurgence of interest in the concept of hegemony and empire–both in the popular and academic realm–has been mostly the result of a change in perception of power, specifically its sources, application, and distribution. Here we argue that …